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2019宪法宣传日专题

发表于: 2018-12-06

你应该了解的宪法知识

     一、什么是宪法?

  XIANFASHIGUOJIADEGENBENFA,TAGUIDINGLEGUOJIADEGENBENZHIDUHEGENBENRENWU,SHIRENMENXINGWEIDEJIBENFALVZHUNZE。XIANFAZUOWEIGENBENFA,TASHIQITAFALV、FAGUILAIYICHANSHENG、CUNZAI、FAZHANHEBIANGENGDEJICHUHEQIANTITIAOJIAN,TACHUYUYIGEGUOJIADULI、WANZHENGHEXITONGDEFALVTIXIDEHEXIN,SHIYIGEGUOJIAFALVZHIDUDEJISHI。

  WOGUOXIANXINGXIANFASHI1982NIAN12YUE4RIWUJIEQUANGUORENDAHUIYITONGGUODE。XIANXINGXIANFASHIWOGUODEGENBENFA,SHIZHIGUOANBANGDEZONGZHANGCHENG,SHIBAOCHIGUOJIATONGYI、MINZUTUANJIE、JINGJIFAZHAN、SHEHUIJINBUHEZHANGZHIJIUANDEFALVJICHU,SHIZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGZHIZHENGXINGGUO、TUANJIEQUANGUOGEMINZURENMINZUQIUYAZHUGUANWANGZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIDEFAZHIBAOZHENG。

  二、宪法的作用是什么?

  ZUOWEIGUOJIADEGENBENFA,XIANFADEZUOYONGZHUYAOBIAOXIANZAIYIXIAJIGEFANGMIAN:

足球押注官网  1.BAOZHENGGUOJIAQUANLIYOUXIAOYUNXING,GUIFANHEZHIYUEGUOJIAQUANLI。XIANFATONGGUOFUYULIFA、XINGZHENG、SIFADENGGUOJIAJIGUANGONGGONGQUANLI,SHIGUOJIAQUANLIZAIXIANFADEGUIDAOSHANGYOUXIAOYUNXING,BIMIANGUOJIAQUANLIQUEWEI、YUEWEIHECUOWEI。

足球押注官网  2.QUERENHEBAOZHANGGONGMINJIBENQUANLI。XIANFASHIRENMINGONGTONGYIZHIDEJIZHONGTIXIAN,RENMINTONGGUOXIANFASHIZIJIDEJIBENQUANLIDEDAOZUIMINGQUESHIQUERENHEZUIYOUXIAODEBAOZHANG。

  3.DIAOZHENGGUOJIAZUIZHONGYAODESHEHUIGUANXI,WEIHUSHEHUIWENDINGHEGUOJIAZHANGZHIJIUAN。ZAIGUOJIADEGEZHONGSHEHUIGUANXIZHONG,ZUIZHONGYAODEGUANXISHIYOUXIANFALAIGUIFANHEDIAOZHENGDE。CONGZHEIGEYIYISHANGSHUO,XIANFASHISHEHUIWENDINGDEDIAOJIEQIHEANQUANFA,DUIYUJIEJUEGEZHONGZHONGDASHEHUIMAODUNHECHONGTU,BAOCHISHEHUIWENDING,WEIHUGUOJIAZHANGZHIJIUAN,JUYOUSHIFENZHONGYAODEYIYI。

  三、宪法与一般普通法律的区别是什么?

  ZUOWEIGUOJIADEGENBENFA,XIANFAJIJUYOUYIQIEFALVDEGONGTONGTEDIAN,YOUJUYOUYUYIBANFALVBUTONGDETEZHENG,ZHUYAOSHI:

  1.NEIRONGBUTONG。XIANFAZUOWEIYIGEGUOJIADEGENBENFA,QUELILEYIGEGUOJIADEGENBENZHIDU,ZHUYAOSHEJIGUOTI、ZHENGTI、GUOJIAJIEGOUXINGSHI,GONGMINDEJIBENQUANLIHEJIBENYIWU、GUOJIAJIGUANYUGONGMINZHIJIANDEDEGUANXI,XIANFAYUFALVZHIJIANDEGUANXI、XIANFASHISHIDEBAOZHANGJIZHIDENG。FALV、FAGUIZAINEIRONGSHANGYESHEJIXIANFASUOGUIDINGDEGEGEFANGMIANDEGUOJIASHIWUHESHEHUISHIWU,DANSHI,FALV、FAGUIBIXUYIXIANFADEYOUGUANGUIDINGWEIJICHU,BUDEYUXIANFAGUIDINGXIANGDICHU。

足球押注官网  2.XIAOLIBUTONG。WOGUOXIANXINGXIANFADIWUTIAODISANKUANGUIDING: “YIQIEFALV、XINGZHENGFAGUIHEDIFANGFAGUIDOUBUDETONGXIANFAXIANGDICHU。”XIANFAZUOWEIGENBENFAJUYOUZUIGAODEFALVXIAOLI。TADEZUIGAOFALVXIAOLIBIAOXIANZAIRENHEFALV、FAGUIBIXUJIYUXIANFAERCHANSHENG,FALV、FAGUIDENEIRONGYINGDANGFUHEXIANFADEYAOQIU,DANGFALV、FAGUIDENEIRONGYUXIANFADEGUIDINGXIANGDICHUSHI,WEILEWEIHUXIANFAZUOWEIGENBENFADEQUANWEIXING,YINGDANGXUANBUYOUWENTIDEFALV、FAGUIWEIXIAN。

  3.CHUANGZHICHENGXUBUTONG。XIANFACHUANGZHIYIBANXUYAOJINGGUOTESHUDECHENGXU。CONGZHIDINGXIANFADEGUOCHENGLAIKAN,XIANFAZHIDINGZHEYINGDANGSHISHUYUYIGEGUOJIATONGZHIJIEJIDERENMIN,XIANFAZHIDINGQUANYEZHINENGSHUYURENMIN,RENHEGUOJIAJIGUANHUOZHEGERENDOUWUQUANZHIDINGXIANFA。RENMINZHIDINGXIANFABIXUYOUYIGEGUOJIASUOYOUFUHETIAOJIANDEGONGMINCANYUYILUN、TICHULIXIANDEJIANYI,RANHOUTONGGUOTESHUDECHENGXUYUYITONGGUO。GENJUXIANFASHOUQUANXINGSHIXIUGAIXIANFAHUOZHEJIESHIXIANFAQUANLIDEGUOJIAJIGUANHUOZHETEDINGDEZHUTI,BIXUYIZHAOXIANFASUOGUIDINGDEYANGEDEXIUGAIXIANFA、JIESHIXIANFADECHENGXU,CAINENGDUIXIANXINGXIANFAZUOCHUXIUZHENGHUOZHEJIESHI。RUWOGUOXIANXINGXIANFADILIUSHISITIAOGUIDING: “XIANFADEXIUGAI,YOUQUANGUORENMINDAIBIAODAHUICHANGWUWEIYUANHUIHUOZHEWUFENZHIYIYISHANGDEQUANGUORENMINDAIBIAODAHUIDAIBIAOTIYI,BINGYOUQUANGUORENMINDAIBIAODAHUIYIQUANTIDAIBIAODESANFENZHIERYISHANGDEDUOSHUTONGGUO。”FALV、FAGUIDECHUANGZHICHENGXUXIANGDUIYUXIANFADECHUANGZHICHENGXUERYANJIUBIJIAOJIANDAN。ZHIDINGFALV、FAGUIHUOZHEJIESHIFALV、FAGUIDE,YIBANSHIYOUXIANFAHEFALVSUOGUIDINGDEZHUANMENDELIFAJIGUANHUOZHESHIXIANGYOULIFAZHIQUANDEGUOJIAJIGUAN、LIFAJIGUANZAIZHIDINGFALV、FAGUISHIXIANGYOUJIAODACHENGDUDELIFAZIYOUCAILIANGQUAN。

  4.JIANDU、DIAOKONGDEFANGSHIHESHOUDUANBUTONG。ZUOWEIGENBENFADEXIANFA,YIBANSHIYOUXIANFAZHIDINGZHEZHIJIELAIJIANDUSHISHI。ZAIJUTIJIANDUSHISHIXIANFADESHIJIANZHONG,XIANFAWANGWANGJIANGJIANDUXIANFASHISHIDEQUANLISHOUYUZUIGAOGUOJIAQUANLIJIGUANHUOZHESHIZHUANMENDEGUOJIAQUANLIJIGUAN。YINCI,ZAIXIANFASHISHIDESHIJIANZHONG,WEILEBAOZHANGXIANFADEJIANDUDEQUANWEIXINGHEYOUXIAOXING,ZHIYOUXIANFAMINGQUESHOUYUXIANGYOUXIANFAJIANDUQUANDEGUOJIAJIGUANHUOZHESHITEDINGDEZHUTICAIKEYIYOUQUANJIANDUXIANFADESHISHI。QITADEFEISHOUQUANZHUTIZHINENGZAILVXINGZISHENZHIZEDEGUOCHENGZHONGCHENGDANBAOZHANGXIANFASHISHIDEYIWU,ERBUNENGDAITIXIANFAZHIDINGZHELAIXINGSHIJIANDUXIANFASHISHIDEQUANLI。

  四、我国宪法的制定与一般法律有什么不同?

  ANZHAOXIANFADILIUSHIERTIAOGUIDING,ZHIYOUQUANGUORENMINDAIBIAODAHUICAIYOUQUANZHIDINGXIANFAHEXIUGAIXIANFA,QITARENHEJIGUANHEZUZHIDOUMEIYOUZHEIXIANGQUANLI。YINWEIXIANFASHIGUOJIADEGENBENFA,WOGUOXIANFAYEGUIDINGLEBUTONGYUYIBANFALVDEXIUGAICHENGXU。

  1.TIYIXIUGAIXIANFADEZHUTIBUTONG。XIANFAGUIDING,YOUQUANTIYIXIUGAIXIANFADEZHUTISHIQUANGUORENMINDAIBIAODAHUICHANGWUWEIYUANHUIHUOZHEWUFENZHIYIYISHANGDEQUANGUORENMINDAIBIAODAHUIDAIBIAO。ERYIBANFALVTICHUFALVYIANDEZHUTIZEYAOKUANFANDEDUO。

  2.通过的人数不同。宪法规定,宪法的修改由全国人民代表大会以全体代表的三分之二以上的多数通过。而一般法律由全国人民代表大会以全体代表的过半数通过。

足球押注官网  3.GONGBUDEJIGUANBUTONG。XIANFAMEIYOUMINGQUEGUIDINGXIANFADEXIUGAIYOUSHEIGONGBU。ZAISHIJIANZHONG,SIBUXIANFAHESIGEXIANFAXIUZHENGANDOUSHIYOUQUANGUORENDAGONGBUDE。ERYIJUXIANFAHELIFAFADEGUIDING,PUTONGFALVYOUGUOJIAZHUXIGONGBU。

足球押注官网  WU、WEISHENMESHUOXIANFAJUYOUZUIGAOFALVXIAOLI?

  FALVXIAOLI,SHIZHIFALVDEQIANGZHIXINGHEYUESHULI。YOUYUXIANFASUOGUIDINGDENEIRONGSHIGUOJIASHENGHUOZHONGDAIYOUQUANJUXING、GENBENXINGDEWENTI,SHIGUOJIALIFAHUODONGDEJICHU,YINCI,TAZAIGUOJIAFALVTIXIZHONGJUYOUZUIGAODEFALVDIWEIHEFALVXIAOLI。XIANFAJUYOUZUIGAODEFALVXIAOLI,ZHUYAOBIAOXIANZAI:

  1.XIANFASHIQITAFALVDELIFAYIJU。XIANFAZAIGUOJIAHESHEHUISHENGHUOZHONGJUYOUZHIGAOWUSHANGDEFALVDIWEI。XIANFASUOQUELIDEYUANZESHIQITAFALVDELIFAJICHUHELIFAYIJU。

  2.XIANFAYUFALVXIANGBI,JUYOUZUIGAODEFALVXIAOLI。XIANFADIWUTIAODISANKUANGUIDING: “YIQIEFALV、XINGZHENGFAGUIHEDIFANGXINGFAGUIDOUBUDETONGXIANFAXIANGDICHU。”XIANFAZAIFALVTIXIZHONGJUYOUZUIGAODEQUANWEI,FALV、XINGZHENGFAGUIDENEIRONGHEJINGSHENDOUBUDEYUXIANFADEYUANZEXIANGDICHU、XIANGWEIBEI,FOUZE,JIUHUIYINWEIXIANERWUXIAO。

  3.XIANFASHIYIQIEZUZHIHEGERENDEGENBENHUODONGZHUNZE。XIANFADIWUTIAODISIKUANGUIDING: “YIQIEGUOJIAJIGUANHEWUZHUANGLILIANG、GEZHENGDANGHEGESHEHUITUANTI、GEQIYESHIYEZUZHIDOUBIXUZUNSHOUXIANFAHEFALV。YIQIEWEIFANXIANFAHEFALVDEXINGWEI,BIXUYUYIZHUIJIU。”

  六、宪法的基本价值是什么?

足球押注官网  XIANFADEJIBENJIAZHISHIBAOZHANGRENQUAN。XIANFADEGENBENMUDEHEJIAZHIZAIYUBAOZHANGGONGMINQUANLI。QISHOUDUANZHUYAOSHISHEZHIYUXIANDINGGUOJIAQUANLI。GUOJIAJIGUANBUDEXINGSHIXIANFASUOWEIMINGQUESHOUYUDEQUANLI。BAOZHANGRENQUANSHIXIANFAGUIDINGDECHUFADIAN,ZHEISHIYINWEI:

  1.DUIYURENQUANHUOGONGMINJIBENQUANLIZUOCHUMINGQUEGUIDING,ZHEISHIGEGUOXIANFADEYIXIANGJIBENHEZHUYAONEIRONG。

足球押注官网  2.XIANFAGUANYUGUOJIAJIGOUJIQITAWENTIDEGUIDING,YESHIYIRUHEGENGHAODIBAOZHANGRENQUANWEIZHIDAOSIXIANGDE。XIANZHENGJIUSHIDUIYIRENQUANWEIJIBENNEIRONGHETIXIANBAOZHANGRENQUANJIBENJINGSHENDEXIANFADEGUANCHELUOSHI。

  七、什么是公民?

  GONGMIN,TONGCHANGSHIZHIJUYOUYIGUOGUOJIDEZIRANREN。YIGERENJUYOUNAGEGUOJIADEGUOJI,JIUSHINAGEGUOJIADEGONGMIN,JIUYAOSHOUNAGEGUOJIAXIANFAHEFALVDEYUESHU,JIYIJUNAGEGUOJIADEXIANFAHEFALV,XIANGSHOUQUANLI,CHENGDANYIWU。KEJIAN,SHIFOUJUYOUMOUYIGEGUOJIADEGUOJI,SHICHENGWEIZHEIGEGUOJIAGONGMINDEQIANTI。WOGUOXIANFADISANSHISANTIAOGUIDING: “FANJUYOUZHONGHUARENMINGONGHEGUOGUOJIDERENDOUSHIZHONGHUARENMINGONGHEGUOGONGMIN。”

  八、什么是公民的基本权利?

  GONGMINDEJIBENQUANLISHIZHIYOUXIANFAGUIDINGDEGONGMINXIANGYOUDEBIBUKESHAODEMOUXIELIYI,SHIGONGMINSHISHIMOUYIXINGWEIDEKENENGXING。ZUOWEIGUOJIAGENBENDAFA,BUKENENG,YEMEIYOUBIYAODUIGONGMINDEGEZHONGQUANLIYIYIJIAYIGUIDING。YINCI,XIANFASUOQUERENDEZHINENGSHIYIXIEJIBENDEQUANLI,JINEIXIEBIAOMINGQUANLIRENZAIGUOJIASHENGHUOJIBENLINGYUZHONGSUOCHUDEFALVDIWEIDEQUANLI。

  九、我国宪法中公民基本权利和义务体系有哪些特点?

  我国现行宪法在总结前几部宪法经验教训的基础上,对公民的基本权利和义务作了较大调整,规定了符合我国实际的公民权利义务体系,其特点为:

  1.JIANGGONGMINDEJIBENQUANLIHEYIWUYOUYUANLAIDEDISANZHANGTIDAODIERZHANG,FANGZAILEGUOJIAJIGOUZHIQIAN、ZONGGANGZHIHOU。ZHEIZHONGQIANHOUWEIZHIDEBIANHUA,TUCHULEGONGMINJIBENQUANLIDEZHONGYAOXING,FANYINGLEGONGMINJIBENQUANLIYUGUOJIAJIGOUZHIJIANDEJIAZHIQUXIANG,YIJIYOUGUOJIAJIGOUGUANLIRENMINGAIBIANWEIGUOJIAQUANLILAIZIYURENMIN,WEIRENMINZUQIUYAZHUGUANWANG。

  2.GONGMINJIBENQUANLIDETIAOKUANYOUSUOZENGJIA,NEIRONGGENGJIACHONGSHIJUTI。1954NIANXIANFASHI14TIAO,1975NIANXIANFAZHIYOU2TIAO,1978NIANXIANFAWEI12TIAO,ERXIANXING1982NIANXIANFAZEZENGJIADAO18TIAO,ERQIENEIRONGGENGJIACHONGSHI、JUTI、MINGQUE。

  3.QIANGDIAOQUANLIHEYIWUDEYIZHIXING。WOGUOXIANFAMINGQUEGUIDING,GONGMINXIANGYOUXIANFAHEFALVGUIDINGDEQUANLI,TONGSHIHAIBIXULVXINGXIANFAHEFALVGUIDINGDEYIWU,LINGWAI,HAIYAOQIUGONGMINZAIXINGSHIQUANLIHEZIYOUDESHIHOU,BUDESUNHAIQITAGONGMINDEHEFAQUANLIHEZIYOU。

  十、什么是公民的基本义务?

  GONGMINDEJIBENYIWUSHIZHIYOUXIANFAGUIDINGDEGONGMINBIXUZUNSHOUHEYINGJINDEGENBENZEREN。GONGMINDEJIBENYIWUSHIGONGMINDUIGUOJIAJUYOUSHOUYAOYIYIDEYIWU。GONGMINDEJIBENYIWUYUJIBENQUANLIYIQIGONGTONGFANYINGBINGJUEDINGZHEGONGMINZAIGUOJIAZHONGDEZHENGZHIYUFALVDIWEI,GOUCHENGPUTONGFALVGUIDINGDEGONGMINQUANLIHEYIWUDEJICHUHEYUANZE。

  十一、什么是人权?

  SUOWEIRENQUAN,JIUSHIZHIRENYIQIZIRANSHUXINGHESHEHUISHUXINGSUOYINGXIANGYOUDESUOYOUQUANLI,HEXINSHISHIMEIGERENDEGEXING、RENGE、JINGSHEN、DAODEHENENGLIHUODECHONGFENFAZHAN。RENQUANSHIXIANFAZHONGGUIDINGDEGONGMINJIBENQUANLIGOUCHENGDEJICHUHEYUANQUAN。

  十二、公民有哪些参与政治方面的权利?

  GONGMINCANYUZHENGZHIFANGMIANDEQUANLIYOUXUANJUQUANYUBEIXUANJUQUAN、ZHENGZHIZIYOU、JIANDUQUANDENG。ZHEILEIQUANLISHIGUOJIABAOZHANGGONGMINYOUZHIJIECANYUZHENGZHIDEKENENG,BIAOMINGLERENMINDANGJIAZUOZHUDEDIWEI。

  十三、公民在法律面前一律平等的含义是什么?

  GONGMINZAIFALVMIANQIANYILVPINGDENG,SHIWOGUOGONGMINDEYIXIANGJIBENQUANLI,YESHISHEHUIZHUYIFAZHIDEYIGEJIBENYUANZE。GONGMINZAIFALVMIANQIANYILVPINGDENGSHIZHI:

足球押注官网  1.WOGUOGONGMINBUFENMINZU、JIATINGCHUSHEN、ZONGJIAOXINYANG、JIAOYUCHENGDU、CAICHANZHUANGKUANG、JUZHUQIXIAN,DOUYILVPINGDENGDIXIANGYOUXIANFAHEFALVGUIDINGDEQUANLI,YEDOUPINGDENGDILVXINGXIANFAHEFALVGUIDINGDEYIWU。

  2.RENHERENDEHEFAQUANYIDOUYILVPINGDENGDISHOUDAOBAOHU,DUIWEIFAXINGWEIYILVYIFAYUYIZHUIJIU,JUEBUYUNXURENHEWEIFAFANZUIFENZIXIAOYAOFAWAI。

  3.ZAIFALVMIANQIAN,BUYUNXURENHEGONGMINXIANGYOUFALVYIWAIDETEQUAN,RENHERENBUDEQIANGPORENHEGONGMINCHENGDANFALVYIWAIDEYIWU,BUDESHIGONGMINSHOUDAOFALVYIWAIDECHUFA。ZHEIYIXIANFAYUANZEJIBAOKUOSIFAPINGDENG,JIGONGMINZAISHIYONGFALVSHANGYILVPINGDENG,YOUBAOKUOGONGMINZAISHOUFASHANGYILVPINGDENG。


宪法知识小课堂

《ZHONGHUARENMINGONGHEGUOXIANFA》SHIZHONGHUARENMINGONGHEGUODEGENBENDAFA,GUIDINGYONGYOUZUIGAOFALVXIAOLI。CHUSHENG、SHANGXUE、GONGZUO、MAIFANG、TUIXIU……MEIYIGERENSHENGDEZHONGYAOSHIKE,DOULIBUKAIXIANFA。XIANFAJILEZUQIUYAZHUGUANWANGHENDUOQUANLI,YEGUIDINGLEZUQIUYAZHUGUANWANGBIXULVXINGDEYIWU,YIQILAILEJIE。

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